Introduction Session 1
Pier-Giorgio Zaccheddu (Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG), Germany)
Progress on the Global Statistical Geospatial Framework
Martin Brady (Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australia)
In the first week of August 2016, the United Nations Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM) adopted the 5 principles of the Global Statistical Geospatial Framework (GSGF). This is an important milestone for the UN-GGIM and for the statistical and geospatial communities globally.
The Global Statistical Geospatial Framework (GSGF) was proposed to the UN-GGIM by the UN Expert Group on the Integration of Statistical and Geospatial. The proposal followed several years of global collaboration and discussion by the statistical and geospatial communities and a round of formal global consultation across both National Statistical and National Mapping agencies. The global consultation received an overwhelmingly positive response, and the endorsement at the UN-GGIM had an unprecedented number of interventions, all supporting the work on the framework.
The 5 key principles in the framework are designed to facilitate the integration of statistical and geospatial information by ensuring consistent geospatial enablement of statistical and administrative data using common fundamental infrastructure. These principles provide the foundation of geospatial enablement of statistical and administrative data. The framework will be essential in supporting the 2020 round of Population Censuses, the Sustainable Development goal indicators, and provide the bridge to data more traditionally in the domain of the geospatial community, such as data on the natural and built environment.
This talk will review the recent progress to obtaining endorsement and look to the future opportunities and work associated with the framework.
Progress of UN-GGIM : Europe Working Group A on Core Data
François Chirié, Dominique Laurent (IGN, France)
UN-GGIM : Europe Working Group A has mandate to deal with core data specifications and quality, production issues, funding and data availability. Core data can be seen as the authoritative, harmonized and homogeneous framework data which both national and international users need to either fulfil their requirements or to geo-reference and locate their own thematic data.
The first step was to select core data themes among the 34 INSPIRE themes. This selection was mainly based on a user requirement investigation, focussing on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and was completed by a comparison with core data themes selected by other initiatives. This user requirement survey was carried out by means of bibliographic research, mainly on the descriptions of INSPIRE use cases, and of expert interviews. In practice, core data should be the most necessary, most common, priority data required to analyse, monitor and achieve the SDGs, either directly or indirectly. Assessing and deciding these priorities was achieved through setting up “use case maps” for each INSPIRE theme. After long discussions, WG A decided to select as core data themes: Addresses, Administrative units, Cadastral Parcels, Geographical Names, Hydrography, Transport Network, Elevation, Land Cover, Ortho-imagery, Statistical units, Buildings, Land Use, Area Management, Utility and Governmental Services.
The next step is to define data product specification for the 14 themes that have been selected, using INSPIRE data specification as starting point. In general, the work will consist to extract core content from INSPIRE (by selecting the most useful feature types and attributes in INSPIRE models or by clarifying or restricting the INSPIRE scope) and to add quality requirements in order to get more homogeneous content in Europe.
Europe Work Group B on Data Integration – Support of the better integration of geospatial information and statistics and the
UN SDG monitoring
Pier-Giorgio Zaccheddu (Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy (BKG), Germany)
The aim of UN-GGIM: Europe is to ensure that the National Mapping And Cadastral Authorities (NMCAs) and National Statistical Institutes (NSIs) in the European UN
Member States, the European Commission and its associated agencies work together to contribute to the more effective geospatial management and its integration with other information. The
Executive Committee of UN-GGIM: Europe believes that there is scope for the regional entity to focus on how geospatial data can enhance sustainable development and the 2030 Agenda in
UN-GGIM:Europe Work Group B on Data Integration (WG B) is chaired by Germany and deals with the integration of geospatial data (including cadastral parcels) with other information. The focus of WG B in the past year has included a review of current European Interoperability Frameworks and best practice guidance for interactions between international organizations. Furthermore, an investigation of any side-effects induced by data combinations has been conducted. The status of the work of the WG according to the work plan 2015 – 2018 will be presented. The WG envisages to complete all tasks in November 2016.
The new Work Plan 2017 – 2020 for UN-GGIM:Europe, including new tasks for WG on Data Integration, was approved by the Plenary on 5 October 2016. It is focused on the support of the “geospatial dimension” of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs). UN-GGIM: Europe will work closely with the European Member States which are nominated as experts to Working Group on Geospatial Information of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on SDG (IAEG-SDG). As a European contribution to the global process on developing a framework for monitoring indicators, UN-GGIM: Europe will – through the UN-GGIM: Europe WG on “Data Integration” – ensure a two-way interaction with the IAEG-SDG Working Group on Geospatial Information.
On the one hand the WG on Data Integration will ensure that the IAEG-SDG WG has access to existing work and ongoing working mechanisms in Europe related to achieving the goals and monitoring indicators. On the other hand, the WG on “Data Integration” will develop geospatial methodologies and approaches on monitoring, based on the European INSPIRE implementing rules and its technical specifications and on the SDG indicators from the IAEG-SDG WG, making it available to the European authorities responsible for monitoring. It will be necessary to elaborate how INSPIRE data and services can be used for the UN SDG monitoring.
Monitoring Agenda 2030 through a geospatial lenss
Marie Haldorson (Statistics Sweden, Sweden)
In September 2015 the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted with an overarching principle that no one should be left behind. To support implementation at all levels, the 2030 Agenda included the need to exploit the contribution to be made by a wide range of data, including Earth observations and geospatial information.
In March 2015 at its forty-sixth session, the United Nations Statistical Commission created an Inter-agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEG-SDGs), which is composed of representatives from a regionally-balanced group of Member States and includes regional and international agencies as well as other key stakeholders, such as civil society, academia and the private sector, as observers. The IAEG-SDGs was tasked with providing a proposal for a global indicator framework (and associated global and universal indicators) for the follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda to be considered by the Statistical Commission. At the forty-seventh session of the Commission, in March 2016, the Global indicator framework was agreed upon by Member States.
Although the development of the Global indicator framework has primarily been based on a statistical data input-output approach, the need for ‘geographic location’ in a new era of data needs is well recognized. Many national statistical offices now understand that geospatial information, Earth observations and other Big Data are able to provide new and consistent data sources and methodologies to integrate multiple ‘location-based’ variables to support and inform official statistics and the indicators for the SDGs. Geography and location provides an important link to enable a richer picture of our countries, and what is happening in and across them. It enables data from diverse sources to be brought together to unleash their combined power in analysis and decision making.
To meet the ambitions and demands of the 2030 Agenda, it is necessary for the Global indicator framework to adequately and systematically address the issues of alternative data sources and methodologies, including geospatial information and Earth observations in the context of geographic location. Thus, at its forty-seventh session in March 2016, the IAEG-SDGs noted that the integration of geospatial information and statistical data will be key for the production of a number of the indicators. As a means to address these issues the creation of a Working Group on Geospatial Information, reporting to the IAEG-SDGs, is required.
The presentation will give an overview of the objectives and tasks of this new working group.